“…the better insulated a property is, the less money will be spent on heating it.”
There are primarily two wall types in the domestic residential sector, solid walls and cavity walls and both can be insulated to improve the energy efficiency of a property. There are also non-traditional or hard-to-treat types which can also usually be insulated but may require more specialised preliminary works.
Solid walls may sound like they should be better at keeping in heat but unfortunately the opposite is true. Un-insulated solid walls can lose heat twice as fast as un-insulated cavity walls, but insulating them externally could save over £490 each year* and insulating them internally could save over £460 each year* (Source: Energy Savings Trust).
Put simply, the better insulated a property is, the less money will be spent on heating it.
The good news is that solid walls and hard-to-treat properties can be insulated – from the outside or the inside.
This will cost more than insulating a standard cavity wall, but the savings on heating bills can be larger too, because more insulation can be used on the inner or outer walls.
- Internal Wall Insulation (IWI) is applied to the internal walls of a building. It typically consists of dry lining in the form of pre-insulated plasterboard or built-up systems using fibrous insulation such as mineral wool held in place using a studwork frame.
- External Wall Insulation (EWI) involves fixing a layer of insulation material to the wall, then covering it with a reinforcement and a special type of render. The finish is usually a textured render, pebble-dash or sometimes a brick slip or a brick effect render finish could be used.
These solutions can be used in conjunction with each other, known as a Hybrid solution, where there may be restrictions (i.e. listed building, conservation areas, etc) that meant an IWI or EWI systems on their own would not be suitable.